Yogurt
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Yogurt


What other names is Yogurt known by?

Acidophilus Milk, Bulgarian Yogurt, Live Culture Yogurt, Probiotics, Yoghurt, Yogourt.

What is Yogurt?

Yogurt is milk that has been fermented with various bacteria. People use it as medicine.

Possibly Effective for...

  • Diarrhea in children.
  • Diarrhea associated with antibiotics.
  • Preventing vaginal yeast infections.
  • Lactose intolerance, as an alternative to milk.
  • Treating a bacterial infection that can cause stomach ulcers (Helicobacter pylori), when used in combination with other medicines.
  • High cholesterol levels.

Possibly Ineffective for...

  • Asthma.
  • Diarrhea in malnourished infants and children.

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

  • Bacterial vaginosis, preventing urinary tract infections, preventing colorectal cancer, treating peptic ulcers, preventing sunburns, and other conditions.

 

 

How does Yogurt work?

Yogurt contains bacteria which may help restore the normal bacteria in the digestive tract and vagina. This might help treat diarrhea and vaginal infections. 

Are there safety concerns?

Yogurt is likely safe for most adults when taken by mouth. Yogurt is possibly safe when used in the vagina. There aren't many reported side effects, but there have been cases of people getting sick from yogurt contaminated with disease-causing bacteria. Be careful to choose yogurt that has been prepared and stored properly. There is some concern that people with weakened immune systems, such as people with HIV/AIDS or organ transplant recipients, might have an overgrowth of the live bacteria in yogurt, such as lactobacillus, from eating large amounts of yogurt. Lactobacillus in yogurt has caused disease (rarely) in people with weakened immune systems. To be on the safe side, if you have a weakened immune system, avoid eating large amounts of yogurt that contain live bacteria for prolonged periods of time without advice from your healthcare professional.

 

 

Are there any interactions with medications?



Antibiotics (Tetracycline antibiotics)
Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.
Talk with your health provider.

Yogurt contains calcium. The calcium in yogurt can attach to tetracyclines in the stomach. This decreases the amount of tetracyclines that can be absorbed. Taking calcium with tetracyclines might decrease the effectiveness of tetracyclines. To avoid this interaction, take yogurt two hours before or four hours after taking tetracyclines.

Some tetracyclines include demeclocycline (declomycin), minocycline (minocin), and tetracycline (Achromycin).



Ciprofloxacin (cipro)
Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.
Talk with your health provider.

Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) is an antibiotic. Yogurt might decrease how much ciprofloxacin (Cipro) the body absorbs. Taking yogurt along with ciprofloxacin (Cipro) might decrease the effectiveness of ciprofloxacin (Cipro). To avoid this interaction, take yogurt at least one hour after ciprofloxacin (Cipro).



Medications that decrease the immune system (Immunosuppressants)
Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.
Talk with your health provider.

Yogurt contains live bacteria and yeast. The immune system usually controls bacteria and yeast in the body to prevent infections. Medications that decrease the immune system can increase your chances of getting sick from bacteria and yeast. Taking yogurt along with medications that decrease the immune system might increase the chances of getting sick.

Some medications that decrease the immune system include azathioprine (imuran), basiliximab (simulect), cyclosporine (neoral, sandimmunie), daclizumab (zenapax), muromonab-CD3 (OKT3, Orthoclone OKT3), mycophenolate (cellcept), tacrolimus (FK506, prograf), sirolimus (rapamune), prednisone (deltasone, Orasone), corticosteroids (glucocorticoids), and others.

Dosing considerations for Yogurt

Yogurt should be labeled with a "Live and Active Cultures" seal from the National Yogurt Association, indicating the product reliably contains at least 100 million active cultures per gram of yogurt (e.g., Dannon, Yoplait).

The following doses have been studied in scientific research:

BY MOUTH:
  • For preventing diarrhea due to treatment with antibiotics: 125 mL (approximately 4 ounces) of yogurt containing Lactobacillus GG taken twice daily throughout the antibiotic treatment course. Some researchers recommend taking 240 mL (8 ounces) of other yogurt preparations twice daily. Take yogurt at least 2 hours before or 2 hours after antibiotics.
  • For diarrhea: 125 grams of yogurt containing Lactobacillus casei twice daily.
  • For lowering cholesterol: Several different doses have been tried depending on the preparation. A typical dose of 200 mL of yogurt containing Lactobacillus acidophilus per day has been used. A combination product of 125 mL Lactobacillus acidophilus yogurt with 2.5% fructo-oligosaccharides three times daily has also been used. A dose of 450 mL daily of yogurt containing the Causido culture (which contains Enterococcus faecium and two strains of Streptococcus bacteria) has also been used.
  • For preventing vaginal yeast or bacterial infections: A typical dose is 150 mL Lactobacillus acidophilus yogurt per day.